Unlike light cargo, heavy haul trucking requires extra precautions to ensure truckers and those who share the road are safe. While transporting a load to its destination, there are environmental hazards, infrastructure problems and state regulations that should be planned for carefully. A medley of factors can determine whether the load arrives intact.
The trucking industry constantly faces potential liability issues. Therefore, following safety protocols closely is very important. Prudence in knowing which routes are approved and how to maneuver narrow roadways, wires and bridges is the responsibility of the trucker and trucking company.
Use the Right Trailer for the Job
One of the first steps toward safety is making sure the chosen trailer is suitable for the load you are carrying. Different axle and trailer configurations exist, which require a thorough understanding of selecting one proportionate to the job.
Trailers that are good for heavy hauls include:
- Drop deck – sits atop the tractor unit
- Extendable drop deck – similar to the drop deck and includes the ability to extend for long loads
- Flatbed – has an open platform
- Gooseneck – includes a modifiable bar that is affixed to the trailer bed
- Lowboy – includes two height drops
Make Sure the Load is Secure
The load should be secured before leaving the work site. This vital process will uncover potential problems that could endanger the trucker and cargo during a trip. Improperly secured loads could lead to severe injuries, loss of life or damage to personal property. Additionally, driving with an unsecure load can impact the environment if contaminants are spilled on the road. Following regulatory requirements can help prevent such mishaps.
Follow State and Federal Regulatory Requirements
It is equally important to be thoroughly familiar with all state and federal regulatory requirements. Because rules may differ across borders, you should become acquainted with the requirements for each state in which you will drive.
Federal regulations govern commercial vehicles that weigh more than 10,000 pounds and carry interstate commerce.
These represent a few of many safety protocols and regulations that should be followed while driving heavy loads. Truckers should be trained in displaying a great amount of precision and discipline. Unexpected events do occur, regardless of the level of training and skill. Still, it is better to be prepared for quick maneuvering if something happens. Otherwise, it is nearly impossible to expect a successful haul of heavy cargo if logistical details are overlooked.